CONTACT LENS HISTORY
THE OVERSEAS PIONEERS
August Mueller (1864-1949, no relation to the
Muellers of Wiesbaden) was born in Munchengladbach
the son of the proprietor of a tool factory. August studied medicine at
was very myopic, about -14.00D, and constantly plagued by the reduction in
image size and aberrations inherent with spectacle lenses.
He came to the conclusion on a purely theoretical basis that a lens
placed directly on the eye would overcome these problems.
He took casts from cadaver eyes and measured the radii of curvature as
7.5mm for the cornea and 14mm for the sclera.
He had three lenses made up by Himmler of
He wanted to
continue in ophthalmology but was hindered by his poor vision.
After working in Dornap, Dusseldorf
and Forbach he returned to Munchengladbach
and opened a practice specialising in physiotherapy and orthopaedics gaining
himself the nickname of "Knocher-Mueller"
He suffered some religious discrimination as he had married Emma Kahmzow in
1890, a Protestant and were his six children although he was a Roman
Catholic. He published three treatises in his new chosen speciality; `Der
Kopfschmerz' (Headache due to Muscle Spasm 1911) 'Lehrbuch der Massage'
(Treatise on Massage 1915) and 'Der Kreuzschmerz' (Low Back pain 1926)
lenses were discovered in the reserve archive of a German museum by contact lens
historian Robert Heitz.
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